The underlying geology of your land is a primary factor of your forest and greatly influences other factors, like topography and soils.

The map below shows the major geographic and geologic areas of Kentucky. The vast majority of Kentucky's underlying bedrock is shale, sandstone or limestone. Because each reacts differently to weathering and erosion, they produce vastly different landscapes. Visit the Kentucky Geological Society for more maps and information.

One of the most unique geologic features in Kentucky is Pine Mountain, which stretches for 120 miles through the southeast region of the state. Pine Mountain is the result of geologic events which upthrust rock layers at relatively high angles and exposed rock formations normally found 2, 000 feet below the ground. This created a long uninterrupted rim with four distinct sides. The result is a wide variety of ecological communities, some of which are considered extremely rare for this area. Pine Mountain provides an excellent example of how topography, soils, vegetation and watershed are all tied to the land's underlying geology.


For an interactive version of this map visit the Kentucky Geological Survey.












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